Enjoy your free pattern!!!   Please feel free to enlarge or reduce as you desire.
Simplified Drawing for Projector or Transfering
Detailed Drawing
The hummingbird...a beautiful, magical creature that captures everyone's eye. This pattern was created with the
wonder of this little bird in mind.   Above all, the hummingbird represents joy.  It denotes distinction, set apart from
other birds. Not only can it hover, but can actually fly backward. It embraces color and beauty, offering its wonderful
iridescent markings. The hummingbird is also noted for seeking harmony and good vibrations, avoiding discord and
harshness. By watching a hummingbird you dare to taste the sweet nectar of life!

                         MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR THE PROJECT:
  • Desired surface to work on (I used an 11 x 14 medium grade FREDRIX canvas panel)
  • Simplified version of pattern traced onto tracing paper (unless you are using a projector, in that case, reduce
    the pattern to fit on a 4” x 6” piece of paper for use in the projector.
  • Black Graphite Paper
  • Stylus or Red Pen for tracing and transferring (if needed)
  • Art Gum Eraser, Clic Eraser and a Faber Castell Pencil Eraser (Perfection 7056) for small details
  • Masking Tape
  • Rapidograph pen (3x0 and 1) with Black India Rapidograph Ink – Universal 3080-F
  • Liberty Matte Sealer or Americana Sealer/Finisher, DAS13 Matte
  • Martin F. Weber Permalba Oil Paints and Transparentizing Gel
  • Ammonia or Ammonia Based Window Cleaner
  • Paper Towels
  • Cotton Swabs
  • Styrofoam Plate for Palette
  • Palette Knife
  • Make-up Brush (for eraser crumbs) or some type of large soft bristle brush
  • Suggested Brushes

                   SUGGESTED OIL COLORS NEEDED:
   -  Payne’s Grey                                -  Burnt Sienna
   -  Burnt Umber                                 -  Alizarin Crimson Permanent
   -  Cadmium Yellow Medium              -  Transparentizing Gel
   -  Ultramarine Blue

                         
  SUGGESTED BRUSHES:
•        Scharff Series 100 Classic Bright: sizes 8, 14, 20 and 32 (Blender Brushes)
•        Scharff Series 240 Touch-It: sizes 2, 4, 6 and 8 (Scumblers)
•        Scharff Liner Brush Series 455: size 1 (or your favorite liner)


COMPLETE YOUR INKING THEN FOLLOW THESE STEPS FOR THE OIL ROUGING:

SKY:
Using the photo as a guide for placement, brush mix a bit of gel into your largest Scumbler (size 8) then apply a
slight amount of Ultramarine Blue.  Use the Scumbler to scuff the color into the sky.  Buff color away with the largest
Blender.  Leave some white areas for clouds. The sky should have a gauzy almost airbrushed effect.  If paint
drags, it needs more gel added to your Scumbler.  

FLOWERS AND BUDS (overall tinting):
To add a little more dimension to your flowers take your liner and a slight amount of Payne’s Grey, place a small
amount where you see the darker values in the photo.  Gently soften with your small Blender.  

HUMMINGBIRD:
You will now apply straight Payne’s Grey using either your liner or smallest Scumbler (which ever you feel the most
comfortable using) to the beak, under eye area, the wings, along the breast and tail.  Gently pull, blend, and tamp
using your smallest Blender.


Now would be a good time to spray.  Make sure that you remove all your smudges and over the line color errors
with your Clic Eraser.  Remember to brush off your eraser marks with your makeup brush.  You are now ready to
spray 3 progressive coats of Liberty Matte spray to speed dry your surface.


FLOWERS (top half of flowers), BUDS AND HUMMINGBIRD (under neck):
Palette mix Alizarin Crimson + Ultramarine Blue to create a nice Cranberry color.

•        Flowers (top half of flowers) and buds: keeping an eye on the photo, using your smallest Scumbler (size 2)
and/or your liner brush, apply the paint to where the color appears to be the darkest; then use your small Blender
(size 14) to rouge the color away from the point of origin.  We will be using another application of color to the
flowers later so flowers will appear flat for now.    

•        Hummingbird neck:  with your smaller Scumbler scuff the color throughout the neck area, keep an eye on the
photo for placement of color.

FLOWERS (bottom half of flowers):
Palette mix a tiny amount of Ultramarine into the Cranberry mix to get a deep purple.  Apply the paint with your liner
brush to where the purple appears to be the darkest on the photo then take your smallest Blender and tamp
slightly to bring the color down very gently, making sure to leave the bottom tips of the flower or the balloon part
white.  

Now would be a good time to spray again.  Make sure that you remove all your smudges and over the line color
errors with your Clic Eraser.  Remember to brush off your eraser marks with your makeup brush.  You are now
ready to spray 3 progressive coats of Liberty Matte spray to speed dry your surface.

HUMMINGBIRD (top of head, breast, top of wings):
Palette mix Ultramarine Blue into Cad Yellow to obtain a nice bright green.  With your Scumbler (size 2) add
shading to the top of his head, under his beak, top of the right wing and along the breast area.  Gently blend with
your smallest Blender to soften the edges.  Remember to leave white highlights here and there.  

HUMMINGBIRD:
You will now apply a second application of straight Payne’s Grey using either your liner or smallest Scumbler (which
ever you feel the most comfortable using) to the beak, the wings, along the breast and tail.  Gently pull, blend, and
tamp using your smallest Blender.

LEAVES:
Using the same green mix that you used for the Hummingbird and a liner brush, add color to the leaves then soften
with the smaller Blender.  You will add another application later to create additional dimension.

FLOWERS (top half of flowers) AND BUDS:
Now, to make your flowers really pop, take your liner and straight Alizarin Crimson, place a small amount over the
Cranberry where you see the darker values in the photo.  Gently soften with your small Blender.  Don’t forget to
leave the tips white, keep an eye on the photo for reference.

TIME TO GO OUT AND SPRAY…. Remember to erase and clean up any smudges.


HUMMINGBIRD:
Making sure your liner is clean (pinch wipe it several times until you don’t see any color coming off), take a tiny
amount of Cad Yellow (no gel) and make a yellow highlight from the beak to above the eye.  You can also do this to
the right side of the wings on the tip of each joint of the feathers and a tiny amount on the upper part of the breast
and under his beak.  Adding the Cad Yellow to the green areas will make his color more vibrant.

LEAVES:
Mix a very small amount of Payne’s Grey into the green mix already on your palette, it should be an almost deep
evergreen now, and using your liner apply the darker green color to the leaves then soften with the smaller
Blender.  

FLOWERS (bottom half of flowers):
Apply a second coat of purple to the bottom half of the flowers as before.  Gently soften with your small Blender.  

HUMMINGBIRD:
With your Blender scuff a tiny amount of the purple on the Hummingbirds breast and right wing.  Not too much, you
don’t want it to be overpowering.  

STAMENS:
Take your liner with a bit of Alizarin Crimson and add it to the ends of each stamen, don’t color the whole stamen
just each end.

Now is time to step back and evaluate your artwork.  Prop it up at least 3 or 4 feet away and analyze it.  If you think
you would like to add additional color, now is the time to do it.

If for some reason the two small dots in the Hummingbirds eye has been colored in and is not visible , take the end
of a toothpick, dipped into a tiny amount of white acrylic paint and place the two dots into the eye again.

FINISH WITH YOUR FINAL MISTINGS OF LIBERTY MATTE SPRAY TO DRY.  

I hope you enjoyed creating this design, feel free to create additional pieces to give as gifts, sell your artwork or
enter it into the county fair or an art contest as long as you do not claim it as your original design.  The pattern and
instructions, however, may not be reproduced by any form of mechanical means.  Line drawings can and may be
used, reduced or enlarged for personal use or for teaching.  CMOTS please inquire about special pattern packet
rates for distribution to students in class.

Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions at all:

Sharon Kuester

Phone:  352-365-1330
The Hummingbird
Sharon Kuester

Phone: 352-365-1330
You may have to play around with
your printing options. Print either
portrait or landscape to best fit the
illustrations as well as the
instructions.  Don't forget you can
use your print preview on your
computer to view before printing.

CLICK HERE TO PRINT OUT

GENERAL “PEN & INK WITH OILS” INSTRUCTIONS
VARIOUS SURFACE PREPARATIONS
BASIC INKING INSTRUCTIONS
OIL ROUGING
PROCEDURE FOR SPRAYING
BLENDING TECHNIQUES (hula, tamping, pulling)
CARRYING FOR YOUR BRUSHES
WASHING YOUR SCUMBLERS, BLENDERS AND LINERS

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